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LS361 Immunology (4)

Topics include the adaptive and innate immune systems and cell biology of cells and tissues involved in immunity,

immunogenetics, antibody structure-function, immunotechniques, complement, autoimmunity, tolerance, and tumor

immunology. 3-hour lecture and 3-hour laboratory. (Lab fee: $75.)

Prerequisite: LS252.

LS362 Medical Microbiology (4)

The classification, cultivation, physiology, growth, morphology, genetics, and economic significance of microorganisms,

with special emphasis on the pathogenic bacteria. 3-hour lecture and 3-hour laboratory. (Lab fee: $75.)

LS372 Origins (3)

An introduction to the classical and modern concept of evolution with critical discussion of proposed mechanisms

involved and with evaluation of special creation and other alternative origins positions.

Prerequisite: LS252.

LS375 Vertebrate Paleontology (4)

This course provides an overview of the vertebrate fossil record, focusing on paleontology methods, vertebrate

relationships, and paleoecology. Through the duration of this course, students will learn about how vertebrate fossils

change through the geologic column, and they will learn about the major groups of extinct and extant vertebrates

including dinosaurs. Lab involves observing and handling fossils.

Prerequisite: LS151.

LS387 Special Topics in Plant Sciences (2-4)

Basic principles, processes, and theories of the topic being presented. Possible topics include medicinal plant biology,

economic botany, herbaceous plants, or specific taxonomic plant groups. Instruction is by lecture, laboratory, class

project, or combination. This course may be repeated for credit with varying topics. (Lab fee: $75.)

Prerequisite: Junior



LS388 Mathematical Ecology (3)

Organisms in dynamic relationships to their ecosystems over successive generations are studied in the context of

mathematical models. Principles of ecology are interwoven throughout the course. This is a first course in a series in

mathematical biology.

Prerequisites: MA121 and LS151.

LS392 Bioinformatics (4)

Statistics and computer analysis tools and their application to molecular data analysis. (Lab fee: $75.)

Prerequisites: LS342

and MA262


LS398 Plant Science (4)

A study of plant biology with emphasis on growth, development, and physiology in an ecological and agricultural

context, including the study of soils, plant pathogens, and pests. A lab provides opportunities for hands-on application

of concepts through the use of basic plant science research and production practices. (Lab fee: $75.)

LS399 Au Sable Institute Field Biology Courses

These courses are taken in the summer and Winterim at the Au Sable campuses (Mancelona, Michigan, Whidbey Island,

Washington, and other locations). The numbers below are from the Au Sable catalog.


Biol/Geol/Geog 301 Land Resources (4)


Biol 360 Applied Biodiversity Genetics (4)


Biol/EnvSt/Geog 362 Environmental Applications for Geographic Information Systems (GIS) (4)


Other course listed in the Au Sable catalog

Certifications are available to TMU biology majors through Au Sable: Naturalist, Land Resources Analyst, Water

Resources Analyst, Environmental Analyst, and Stewardship Ecologist. See Dr. Englin for more information.