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Biological and Physical Sciences



and animal study: the cell, intermediary metabolism,

photosynthesis, cell reproduction, genetics, ecology,

and origins. 3 hours lecture. (Online only.)

LS150 Essentials of Biology (3)

A general servey of major concepts in biological

science including: ecology, diversity of life, history

of life, molecular and cell biology, genetics, human

biology, animal biology, botany, and contemporary

issues in bioethics.

LS150L Essentials of Biology Lab (1)

A hands-on laboratory study of the diversity of

living organisms from the molecular-cellular level to

organismal level. Studies of ecology, botany, zoology,

bioethics, humn biology, origins and paleontology

are also included.

LS151 Organismic Biology (4)

The first course for biology majors, emphasizing

biological life forms, their physiology, origins, and

environmental relationships. 3 hours lecture, 3 hours


Co-requisite: CH151.

(Lab fee $75.)

LS200 Foundations of Science (3)

An introduction to the history, development, and

influence of science on culture and other academic

disciplines. The use of science in society and its limits

will be emphasized and discussed. The impact of

Christianity on science and a Christian view of science

will be presented. Contemporary issues including

energy development, the creation-evolution debate,

the intelligent design movement, environmentalism,

and human bioethics, among other topics will be

presented and discussed. Sophomore standing

suggested. (Online only.)

LS218 Tutorial Studies (1-3)

See LS418.

LS220 Research Methods (1)

An introduction to research writing with emphasis

on the documentation and communication methods

used in biological research. The student will be

exposed to major aspects of scientific writing and

presentation of scientific data, including library

research, data analysis, evaluation of scientific writing,

composition of a scientific paper and a prospective

research proposal, and presentation of scientific

data in a poster format. 1 hour lecture.


Sophomore standing required.

LS231 Human Growth and Development (3)

A study of human development across the lifespan

from birth to death with emphasis on the physical,

cognitive, emotional, and social aspects of human life.

LS252 Cell Biology (4)

The molecular basis for the various structures

and physiological functions of prokaryotic and

eukaryotic cells. Topics include membrane structure-

function, cellular energetics, receptors, and cell-

cell communication. 3 hours lecture, 3 hours

laboratory. Concurrent laboratory registration


Prerequisite: CH151, LS151.

(Lab fee $75.)

LS302 Vertebrate Anatomy and Systematics (4)

A study of chordate systematics, comparative

anatomy, and morphogenesis. 3 hours lecture, 3 hours

laboratory. For all biology students with specific

relevance to students who choose the environmental

emphasis or those interested in veterinary medicine.

Prerequisite: LS151.

(Lab fee $75.)

LS312 Animal Physiology (4)

Animal physiological systems and regulatory

mechanisms are studied in the context of various

types of ecosystems. Consideration is given to

regulatory adjustments to seasonal and environmental

variations within an ecosystem. The laboratory

is a research-oriented study of the physiological

adjustments of invertebrates and amphibians

in seasonal streams, and laboratory studies of

invertebrates. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours laboratory.

For all biology students with specific relevance to

students who choose the environmental emphasis or

those interested in veterinary medicine. (Lab Fee $75.)

LS318 Conservation Biology & Sustainability (4)

This is a comprehensive study of ecological legal

issues and the stewardship of stainability of

ecological quality of life and diversity. The bulk of

the laboratory will be outdoors. 3 hours lecture, 3

hours laboratory and field work.

Prerequisite: LS341.

(Lab Fee $75.)

LS321 Human Anatomy (4)

A study of human micro and gross anatomy from a

systematic approach. The laboratory consists of the