MastersCollege

The Master's College

Guidelines for First Aid

SEEK HELP = Consult a doctor

Skin Rashes

Detergents, soaps or lotions can cause rashes. If you've recently starting using new skin, hair or laundry products, stop using them to see if it resolves the problem.

Hives

Hives are a reaction caused by consuming something that your body is allergic to. Itchy, pink rash spots flare up on either the upper or lower extremities of the body. Take Benadryl, but remember that Benadryl and other similar allergy medications can cause drowsiness, so avoid driving or operating heavy machinery. If the allergic reaction causes difficulty breathing, SEEK HELP!

Insect Bites

For the most part, insect bites cause some itching and a small read bump on the skin. It is only necessary to apply ice and watch for signs of infection: swelling, redness or warmth.

Spider Bites

The area surrounding a spider bite usually becomes swollen, generally the size of a nickel. If it becomes red (pink) or feels warm, this could be a sign of infection--SEEK HELP!

Black Widow Bites

The black widow is one of the most poisonous spiders in Southern California. Their bite causes a sharp pinprick-like pain, followed by a dull, sometimes numbing pain in the affected area of the body. It may cause muscular rigidity in the stomach, shoulders, back and chest. Other symptoms include headache, dizziness, skin rash, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, weakness or body temperature increases. FOR THIS TYPE OF BITE, SEEK HELP IN A HOSPITAL!

Injuries

To help prevent injuries, always wear shoes and walk on campus sidewalks instead of in the dirt or brush. If you injure a bone but it doesn't appear broken, it may be bruised. Apply ice and elevate the injured area if it is not too painful to move. Take Tylenol or Advil for pain. DON'T TAKE ADVIL IF YOU'RE ALLERGIC TO ASPIRIN.

Wounds

If a wound is bleeding, elevate the affected area and apply direct pressure with gauze. If the wound is a scrape, wash with soap and water. If you stepped on a tack or nail, wash the puncture wound with soap and water. You will need a tetanus shot if the nail or tack was rusted. If the wound is deep, SEEK HELP.

Burns

Place the burned area under cool, running water. Never break the skin of a blister, because it may cause infection.

Bee, Wasp, Hornet Stings

To remove the stinger, gently scrape a disinfected credit card across the skin. This will push the stinger out. Apply ice. Watch for a local allergic reaction (redness, swelling, or warmth). If this occurs, SEEK HELP!