Guidelines for First Aid
*Note: Seek Help = Consult a Doctor
Detergents, soaps, or lotions can cause rashes. If you've changed any products, stop using them.
Hives are caused by consuming something that the person is allergic to. Pink rash spots either on the upper or lower extremities of the body flares up with itching. Take Benadryl. If you have trouble breathing, SEEK HELP!
For the most part, insect bites may cause some itching. It is only necessary to apply ice and watch for signs of infection: swelling, redness, or warmth.
The area surrounding the bite becomes swollen, and generally the size of a nickel. If it becomes red (pink) or feels warm, SEEK HELP!
Black Widow Bites:
The bite gives rise to a sharp pinprick-like pain, followed by a dull, sometimes numbing pain in the affected area of the body. It may cause muscular rigidity in the stomach or shoulders, back and chest. Other symptoms include headache, dizziness, skin rash, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, weakness, or body temperature increases. FOR THIS TYPE OF BITE, SEEK HELP IN A HOSPITAL!
You should avoid injuries. Always wear shoes. If you injure any bone and it is bruised, apply ice, elevate if not painful to move. Take Tylenol or Advil for pain. DON'T TAKE ADVIL IF YOU'RE ALLERGIC TO ASPIRIN!
If a wound is bleeding, apply direct pressure with gauze and elevate. If the wound is a scrape, wash with soap and water and if you step on a tack or nail, wash it with soap and water (if the nail is rusted, you need a tetanus shot). If the wound is deep, Seek Help.
Always pour cool water to the burned area (running water). Never break the skin of a blister, because it may cause infection.
Bee, Wasp, Hornet Stings:
To remove the stinger, use a credit card (this will remove everything). Apply ice. Watch for local allergic reaction (redness, swelling, or warmth). If this occurs, SEEK HELP!